Built between 1894-96, the Holy Assumption Orthodox Church is the principal and most enduring example of Russian culture in south central Alaska. For the Kenaitze Indians, who comprised a significant portion of the population in its early years, this church constituted a major link to western culture. A simple, wood-frame structure with clapboard siding, this church features a square two-story bell tower and a distinctive crown-shaped cupola, both with the three-bar Orthodox Cross. In addition to being the oldest standing Orthodox Church in Alaska, it is an excellent example of Pskov (ship or vessel) design. The Secretary of the Interior designated Holy Assumption Church a National Historic Landmark in 1970.